#83 Hertzl, Ben Gurion, & Golda Meir: Zionist Leaders
#83 Hertzl, Ben Gurion, & Gold Meir: Zionist Leaders
In this lesson you will continue to learn about different types of leaders in Jewish history. In the previous lessons (80-82), you studied about leaders from the biblical era. You are now going to meet some modern day leaders starting with the leaders of Zionism. The Zionist Leaders helped to lead the way for the Jewish People to live in the land of Israel.
#1 KNOW THIS: Useful Vocabulary
The term “Zionism” is derived from the word Zion referring to Jerusalem. Throughout eastern Europe in the late 19th century, numerous grassroots groups were promoting the national resettlement of the Jews in their homeland, as well as the revitalization and cultivation of the Hebrew language. These groups were collectively called the “Lovers of Zion” and were seen to encounter a growing Jewish movement toward assimilation. The first use of the term is attributed to the Austrian Nathan Birnbaum, founder of a nationalist Jewish students’ movement Kadimah.
#2. MEET THEODORE HERTZL
Thoedore Herzl is specifically mentioned in the Israeli Declaration of Independence and is officially referred to as “the spiritual father of the Jewish State”, i.e. the visionary who gave a concrete, practicable platform and framework to political Zionism.
#3. MEET DAVID BEN GURION
Ben-Gurion’s passion for Zionism, which began early in life, led him to become a major Zionist leader and Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization in 1946. As head of the Jewish Agency from 1935, and later president of the Jewish Agency Executive, he was the de facto leader of the Jewish community in Palestine. On 14 May 1948, he formally proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel, and was the first to sign the Israeli Declaration of Independence, which he had helped to write.
#4 MEET GOLDA MEIR
Meir was elected Prime Minister of Israel on March 17, 1969, after serving as Minister of Labour and Foreign Minister. The world’s fourth and Israel’s first and only woman to hold such an office, she has been described as the “Iron Lady” of Israeli politics. She was often portrayed as the “strong-willed, straight-talking, grey-bunned grandmother of the Jewish people”.
#5 RESPOND AND REACT
1. What is Zionism?
2. Who was the spiritual father of Zionism?
3. Who was the First Prime Minister of Israel?
4. Who was the Iron Lady of Isreali Politics?
5. What leadership qualities did these leaders display?
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